Download a detailed infographic overview of the various stages in the study, as detailed below.
We conducted a comprehensive review of the responses from a series of research training needs surveys, session evaluations from research training workshops, and feedback submitted on completion of eLearning, collected by The Global Health Network from 2017 to 2019. We analysed the responses of 7167 participants from across 153 countries. This analysis provided us with a range of research skills topics and subject areas that generated a core list of 98 research-training themes.
The second step was to find consensus on what constituted the minimum set of skills, knowledge and key principles that would enable those without previous experience in research, to undertake high-quality health research. We conducted a two round online Delphi survey to prioritise the outcomes of the gap analysis. The Delphi panel for this study was formed of both experts and stakeholders in the field of research for health and research for health training, with heterogeneous expertise and from diverse geographical regions. We sought to include views of researchers, research participants, research training facilitators, members of research advisory committees, research funders, authors of peer-reviewed research training papers, authors of research training books/programmes, journal editors, research policy makers and regulators.
Delphi Round 1 - The Delphi Round 1 survey offered an opportunity for panellists to i) indicate which of the 98 themes derived from the stage 1 Gap analysis they considered essential for inclusion in the Essential Research Skills Training Curriculum, and ii) suggest any themes that might have been omitted.
The themes presented were scored by the panel on the basis of two classifications: [a] relevance (should this topic / theme be included?) and [b] clarity of each statement (is it clear what the category or theme reflected?)
There were 254 members on the Delphi panel for Round 1. The panel reached consensus on 43 listed themes to be included in the Essential Research Skills Training Curriculum. No consensus was reached for any theme to be outrightly excluded from the proposed framework.
The remaining 55 themes were re-evaluated in Round 2 (including 8 themes indicated as unclear in Round 1) and alongside 10 new themes generated by panellists in Round 1.
Delphi Round 2 - The Delphi Round 2 survey re-evaluated the remaining 55 themes including 8 themes indicated as unclear in the first round and alongside the 10 new themes generated by panellists in Round 1. For the purposes of Round 2, themes were scored using a nominal scale [yes/no] for both classifications; relevance and clarity. There were a total of 222 panellists participating in Round 2.
At the end of Stage 2, a final list of 108 themes was generated for inclusion in the curriculum. The research team grouped the themes into 13 ‘parent modules’ which were reviewed by the stakeholders attending the stakeholder workshop.
Mapping the themes - Following the Delphi study, the research team developed a curriculum framework by grouping the 108 themes identified by the panellists. This presented the structure of the curriculum by providing suggested ‘parent modules’ and the relevant themes generated and included to inform each module. See Appendix I. These theme groupings were initially presented and evaluated at a Stakeholder Review Workshop hosted in December 2020.
In December 2020 we conducted a Stakeholder Review Workshop. This session brought together a diverse group of stakeholders from across the globe to consider the implications and applicability of the proposed Essential Research Skills training Curriculum.
The aim of this workshop was to consider the results of the study, to review the suitability of the theme groupings as an accurate reflection of the content and to evaluate the applicability of the proposed Essential Research Skills Training Curriculum findings to the global research community
The workshop polling showed substantial agreement between the Delphi panel’s ratings and the opinions of the workshop Stakeholders. This provided support for the acceptability of the proposed curriculum as a global standard for health research training.
In february 2021 we organised an Implementation Workshop to ask researchers how best to implement this curriculum and turn it into training and teaching resources relevant for the global research community. This workshop generated guidance on implementation so that anyone wanting to design their training around this curriculum can also benefit from evidence-led recommendations on what approaches will work best in their specific context.
This project has concluded an Essential Research Skills Training Curriculum that is appropriate for all types of health research study and can be implemented in health care settings with little or no previous research experience. This robust and comprehensive research and consensus process has determined that if these modules are delivered to a research team then these would cover the fundamental and essential elements required to assure a well-designed, safe, ethical and high-quality study.
This process has resulted in a clear curriculum framework in the form of a set of modules that any research group, team or organization can actively use to implement and guide their training programmes. This comprehensive research study has also generated guidance on implementation so that any organization wanting to design or strengthen training programmes or courses around this curriculum can also benefit from evidence-led recommendations on what approaches will work best in their specific context.
In summary, The Essential Research Skills Training Curriculum is an evidence-led set of modules that has been determined through the participation of over 7000 researchers and health workers across the globe. This three-stage process concluded the development of a definitive list of modules that would serve as a curriculum that could assure delivery of the full set of steps and skills needed to undertake health research in places and settings inexperienced or new to research. This set of 13 modules covers all aspects of the research cycle including study design, conduct, analysis and reporting the findings as recommendations for policy and practice. Delivering training aligned with this curriculum framework will help promote and ensure that research should be safe, ethical and robust, and that local teams are equipped with lasting research skills, community engagement and management practices that will advance and support their careers.